Lyndon Baines Johnson, our 36th President after serving as our 37th Vice President under John F. Kennedy. Johnson took over as president when JFK was assassinated. According to History Johnson “believed that America’s national security depended on containing the spread of communism around the world”. So like the three presidents before him he wanted to make sure Communist North Vietnam didn’t take over the U.S-supported government of South Vietnam.
Lyndon B. Johnson was the one who escalated the war between the United States and Vietnam. After the Gulf of Tonkin incident Johnson just wanted to start something he couldn’t handle. He steadily sent more and more numbers of American troops to Vietnam, the numbers “soared from 16,000 when he first took office in 1963 to more than 500,000 in 1968”. The war continued at a “bloody stalemate” people back in the U.S were growing restless, many people started anti-war protests. The casualties of both the Vietnamese and American troops were piling high, Johnson was in some deep trouble.
The 1968 Presidential Democratic nominations were around the corner and Johnson already had plummeting popularity within his party. So during the 1968 Chicago Democratic National Convention he said,
“I shall not seek, nor will I accept, the nomination of my party for another term as your president,”
Even though Johnson left office in 1969, U.S military involvement lasted in Vietnam for four more years.